10 Tips for Baking Great Cakes
- Use a good recipe: Start with a recipe from a source you trust.
- Use the pan size called for in the recipe and either line it well or grease and flour it.
- Preheat the oven: If you put a cake into an oven that’s not hot enough, it will affect the way it rises.
- Be accurate with measurements and ingredients: Make sure you use the exact measurements and ingredients as stated in the recipe. And use proper measuring spoons.
- Make sure ingredients are the right temperature: Most recipes require the fat and eggs to be at room temperature. (Cold butter doesn’t cream well and cold eggs may curdle the cake mixture.)
- Get as much air into the cake as you can: Cream the butter & sugar until the mixture lightens in texture and colour. This increases the air and volume of the cake, giving you a lighter result.
- Once the cake is mixed put it straight into the oven: The raising agent will start working as soon as it comes into contact with any of the ‘wet’ ingredients so to ensure a good rise your cake mixture should go into the oven straightaway.
- Put the cake on the middle rack and keep the oven door closed: Cakes are generally best placed on the middle shelf to ensure even cooking. Once the cake is in, avoid opening the door until it’s almost cooked.
- Stick to cooking times: If you’ve used the right pan, the timings stated in the recipe should be accurate. A skewer inserted in the centre should come out clean or with just a few moist crumbs attached. If your cake is not properly cooked but looking too dark, you can cover it with a bit of parchment paper for the final minutes of baking.
- Cooling cakes: As a general rule, most sponge cakes are best left in the pan for a few minutes and then turned onto a cooling rack to avoid soggy edges.
5 Tips for Better Pancakes:
- Take care not to overmix your batter. Stir wet and dry ingredients together just until combined. A few lumps are okay.
- After mixing, let your batter rest for 5-10 minutes before cooking. (This allows the gluten to relax.)
- First cook a mini pancake to test if your pan is the right temperature.
- Wait until most of the bubbles on the top have burst before flipping your pancake. And only flip your pancakes once.
- Don’t “pat” your pancakes with the spatula. That will flatten the fluffiness.
How to keep your muffins light textured:
- Mix the batter gently and always by hand, using a rubber spatula or wooden spoon to fold the wet ingredients into the dry ingredients.
- When you add the wet ingredients to dry, mix just until barely combined. A few streaks of flour or some lumps in the batter are fine.
- Bake your muffins as soon as the batter is combined so the leavening agent can do its work in the oven.
The difference between natural and Dutch-processed cocoa powder
Chocolate is naturally acidic. In Dutch-processed cocoa, the acid has been neutralized, making the powder darker and milder in flavour. Natural cocoa powder still contains cocoa’s natural acids. It’s lighter in colour and more intense.
When it comes to baking there are a couple of things to remember. Baking soda in a recipe needs an acidic ingredient in order to make baking rise. If your recipe calls for baking soda and you’re using Dutch-process cocoa, make sure there’s an acidic ingredient in your recipe to help activate the baking soda (like molasses).
According to Fine Cooking magazine, you can substitute natural cocoa powder for Dutch-process in most recipes (though not vice versa).
Baking Tip: How-to skin peaches
Bring a pot of water to the boil. Slice a small “X” in the bottom of each peach and drop into the boiling water for 30 seconds. Remove from the water with a slotted spoon and when cool enough to handle slide off the skins. Slice into quarters and pry each quarter off the pit. From there you’re all set to slice the peaches.
Baking Tip: How the Colour of Your Pan Affects Your Baked Goods
Choose light coloured pans for baking. Breads, cakes, muffins & cookies baked in or on dark coloured pans will brown (and may be burn) more quickly than those baked in light coloured pans. If you’re baking in dark coloured pans or glass baking dishes reduce the oven temperature by 25 degrees and check for doneness a little earlier than called for in the recipe.
Baking Tip: The best way to apply BBQ sauce
Wait for the final few minutes of grilling before you baste your burger (or other grill-able) with barbecue sauce. The sugar in barbecue sauce can burn easily and scorch your supper.
Baking Tip: How to freeze super ripe bananas
Freezing bananas when they’re perfectly ripe for baking is a great way to ensure you’re all set when the banana bread craving strikes. It’s also a good way to make sure perfectly good baking bananas don’t go to waste. Here’s how:
- Peel your bananas.
- Split them down the middle into three sections.
- Freeze in a storage container or spread on a cookie sheet to freeze then bag once frozen. (Remember: Three sections equal one banana.)
Baking Tip: How to make great pastry for your butter tarts
- The key to flaky flavourful pastry is to use ice cold butter (or shortening) and to work the dough as little as possible.
- You can freeze your butter and then grate it into the flour mixture or cut it into cubes and pulse it in the food processor along with the flour, stopping once the butter is pea-sized. Be sure to use ice cold water to bind it all together.
- Finally, mix the dough just until it comes together. Chill for an hour before rolling out.
Baking Tip: Safe & natural red food colouring
Desserts with red are Valentine‘s Day classics but the safety of red food colouring is questionable. Add colour, minus the chemicals, using natural fruit & vegetable pigment.
- Raspberries: For a pretty pink blush use the juice from raspberries to tint your frosting. You’ll get lovely raspberry flavour too.
- Beets: Adding fresh beet juice to frosting intensifying the colour without adding flavour. Simply grate a fresh beet and squeeze the juice into your frosting.
- Here are more tips for colouring your confections naturally.
Baking Tip: Improving the texture of your gluten-free baked goods
- If you’re baking gluten-free quick breads (muffins, biscuits & tea breads) add ½ tsp. of xanthan gum or guar gum for each cup of GF flour used.
- If you’re adapting recipes that call for all-purpose flour, recipes containing fruit or vegetable purees (ex. apple sauce or canned pumpkin) adapt well to gluten-free flour since the added moisture from the puree helps with the texture of the finished baked goods. Molasses helps to keep GF baked goods moist too.
Baking Tip: Refrigerating cookie dough makes your cookies taste better.
Refrigerating your cookie dough actually improves the texture and flavour of the finished cookie. Chilled cookies will taste a little sweeter and the sugars will caramelize more quickly when baked. Chilling dough also helps with the texture of your finished cookies since it allows the gluten in the flour to relax. Flavours, like spices, have more time to develop when the dough is chilled. If you have time, chilling your dough overnight, and up to 36 hours, can make a tasty difference.
Baking Tip: Parchment paper is the wonder tool in my kitchen
The uses of parchment paper go way beyond lining cookie sheets. I stuff it into bread pans, square and rectangular cake pans and baking dishes. You’ll find that with parchment paper everything browns perfectly and clean-up is a cinch.
Baking Tip: What to do with leftover canned pumpkin
Remove leftover puree from the can into a non-metal food storage container and refrigerate up to a week. You can also freeze leftover pumpkin puree in handy half cup portions.
Homemade Pumpkin Pie Spice
- 4 Tbsp. ground cinnamon
- 4 tsp. ground nutmeg
- 4 tsp. ground ginger
- 3 tsp. ground allspice
- 1 tsp. ground cloves
Blend spices and store in an airtight container.
Baking Tip: How to make your own brown sugar
If you find yourself mid-baking and low on brown sugar, don’t fret – it’s easy to make your own. Brown sugar is simply white sugar with molasses added for flavour and moisture.
- To make light brown sugar whir 1 cup white sugar in a food processor with 1 Tbsp. of molasses.
- For dark brown sugar whir 2-3 Tbsp. of molasses with one cup of white sugar.
Baking tip: How to make biscuits flakey every time
A flakey biscuit is one of life’s great eating pleasures. To get just the right texture every time, follow these simple tips:
- Start with cold butter. Measure your butter right out of the fridge when it’s good and cold, cut it into chunks and work it into the flour mixture with a pastry blender or two knives. Leaving pea-sized chunks is a good thing.
- When you add the liquid to the flour-butter mixture, mix gently until almost incorporated. Taking care not to overmix the dough will help to keep the dough light.
- After you scrape the shaggy dough and bit of unincorporated flour out of the bowl and onto the counter, work the dough together with a light hand. I try to knead it no more than 10-12 times.
- Press lightly when you pat out or roll out the dough.
- When you’re cutting the dough, push the biscuit cutter straight through, taking care not to twist it.
- Put your pan of unbaked biscuits in the fridge for an hour if you have time, then put them directly in the preheated oven.
Baking Tip: How to replace eggs in baking
If you’re low on eggs try these egg substitutions instead of running to the store:
- Whisk 1 Tbsp. ground flax with 3 Tbsp. of water.
- ¼ cup unsweetened applesauce mixed with ½ tsp. baking powder.
Baking Tip: How to tell when your cake is done
The baking time for a cake is important but don’t let it be your only guide. There are a couple of other guides to help you decide if the cake is ready to remove from the oven.
- Touch the top: The middle of the cake should feel slightly springy when you press on it lightly.
- Use a cake tester: If a cake tester (spaghetti, tooth pick) comes out clean or with just a couple of crumbs attached then your cake is ready.
Baking Tip: How to make tender muffins
For tender muffins and quick breads every time, gentleness is the key. Always mix muffins and quick breads by hand and be careful not to over mix. Use a wooden spoon or spatula to gently combine wet and dry ingredients and stir only until just combined (it’s okay to have a few remaining streaks of dry ingredients.)
Baking Tip: Substitutions for buttermilk
If your recipe calls for buttermilk and you have none on hand no need to run to the store. Make your own by substituting plain yogurt, a 50/50 mixture of milk and yogurt, or sour the milk with lemon juice or vinegar. To sour the milk add 1 Tbsp. of vinegar or lemon juice to a cup of milk and let it sit for a few minutes to curdle.
Baking Tip: How to soften butter in a hurry
If your recipe calls for softened butter and your butter is either frozen or fridge-cold, there are several of simple ways to soften it in a hurry.
- Measure your butter and then grate it using the large-hole side of a box grater. This works especially well if your butter is frozen.
- Measure your butter and then cut it into little chunks and spread out on a plate to warm.
- Measure your butter, place it between two sheets of parchment paper and pound and roll it with a rolling pin.
- Measure your butter and massage it with your hands. This is messy, but it works.
Baking Tip: Unsweetened Baking Chocolate Substitute
No baking chocolate? No problem. Here’s an easy substitute for 1 ounce squares of unsweetened baking chocolate
For each square of chocolate called for in a recipe substitute 3 Tbsp. of unsweetened cocoa powder mixed with 1 Tbsp. of melted butter. Whisk until smooth.
Baking Tip: How to make great pastry every time
How to make great pastry for the perfect pumpkin pie. The key to flakey flavourful pastry is to use ice cold butter (or shortening) and to work the dough as little as possible. You can freeze your butter and then grate it into the flour mixture or cut it into cubes and pulse it in the food processor along with the flour, stopping once the butter is pea-sized. Be sure to use ice cold water to bind it all together. Finally, mix the dough just until it comes together. Chill for an hour before rolling out.
Baking Tip: Why you should combine apple varieties in your baking
When cooking with apples, mix and match varieties to get the best combination of flavors and textures. Some apples break down more easily when they cook, like McIntosh, and others hold their structure better (think Cortlands). By combining different varieties in a pie you’ll be able to combine flavours and textures.
Baking Tip: Keep your fruit pie bottom crust crisp
To keep your bottom crust from getting soggy during baking place your pie plate directly on a baking sheet that has been placed in a 400 F oven for 15 minutes. This allows the crust to start baking more quickly, sealing out the filling juices. The baking sheet does double duty by catching any juices if the pie bubbles over.
Baking Tip: How to tell when your cookies are perfectly baked
Most cookies are done when their edges are golden brown. But dark-coloured cookies, like molasses and chocolate, can’t be so easily judged. Instead, test these cookies for doneness by nudging the edge gently with a utensil. There should be very little give around the sides.
Baking Tip: 3 ways to keep your brown sugar soft
I used to double-wrap my brown sugar – putting the opened bag in a zip lock bag and squeezing all of the air out before zipping it closed. Or I’d add the heel of a loaf of bread to the brown sugar and seal the bag. The best trick yet is to put a few marshmallows in the bag with the brown sugar, instead of the bread. (This is the best tip ever!!)
Baking Tip: Keep your fruit afloat
If you’re adding fruit to cakes and tea breads, toss it with a tablespoon or two of flour before adding to the batter to keep it from sinking to the bottom.
Baking Tip: Warm your eggs
When baking with eggs make sure they’re at room temperature. If eggs are cold they won’t give as much lift to your recipe and depending on what you’re baking, this might have a big impact on your end results. To warm eggs that have just come out of the fridge place them in a bowl of warm water for 10 minutes or so.
Baking Tip: How To Test Baking Soda For Freshness
Add a few drops of vinegar or lemon juice to a small amount of baking soda. If it bubbles up it’s still good.
Baking Tip: How To Test Baking Powder For Freshness
Mix 1 teaspoon of baking powder with 1/3 cup of water. If it fizzes you’re in business.
Baking Tip: How high to let yeast dough rise
For the final rising in yeast bread recipes, let dough rise until it has almost doubled in size and a finger gently pressed against the side creates an impression that slowly fills in. Once in the oven the dough will continue to rise to create a nicely shaped and well textured loaf. Letting the dough rise too much before baking could result in a crumbly loaf. To make muffins and quick breads with a light texture be sure to work the batter as little as possible. Mix with a light hand and just until the dry ingredients are incorporated into the wet. Over mixing will make your breads and muffins tough.
Baking Tip: Always preheat your oven
When baking, be sure to pre-heat your oven. The oven needs to be at the temperature specified before you put your baking in. This allows the items to rise properly and bake evenly.
Baking Tip: Substituting whole wheat flour
Looking to incorporate more whole grains into your diet? Try baking with whole wheat or spelt flour. You can safely substitute up to half of the flour called for in a recipe with a whole grain variety.
Baking Tip: For tender cookies and other baked goods, “spoon in”
Measure flour carefully by spooning it into the measuring cup. If you scoop the flour into the cup, or shake the measuring cup to level it off, you’ll end up with too much flour and that could make your baked goods tough and dry. Also, when you add the flour (and other dry ingredients) to the recipe, mix just until the flour is incorporated.
Baking Tip: Creaming Butter & Sugar properly
When a recipe asks you to cream butter and sugar, cream the butter first then slowly add the sugar. It’s a science thing…the butter molecules can better incorporate the sugar when it’s added gradually.
Baking Tip: An easy way to get molasses out of a measuring cup…
Brush the measuring cup with a little oil before you pour the molasses in and you’ll see how easily the molasses slips out.